IDWeek 2014: Hepatitis B Relapse Is Common After Stopping Antiviral Therapy

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) rebounded in nearly 80% of people treated with fully or partially suppressive antiviral therapy using adefovir (Hepsera), entecavir (Baraclude), lamivudine (Epivir), or tenofovir (Viread), indicating that long-term therapy is usually needed to control the virus, researchers reported at IDWeek 2014 last month in Philadelphia.

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IDWeek 2014: Syphilis Cases Increase Among Men with HIV Despite Risk Reduction Counseling

There has been a substantial increase in the number of syphilis cases among men living with HIV -- particularly men who have sex with men (MSM) -- despite systematic risk reduction counseling in this population since 2008, according to a study conducted at a clinic in rural Pennsylvania presented at IDWeek 2014 earlier this month.

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IDWeek 2014: HIV and Hepatitis B Coinfection Linked to Hip Fractures

People with HIV/HBV coinfection being treated for both diseases had a significantly higher risk of hip fractures than patients with HIV alone or neither virus, according to research presented at IDWeek 2014 last week in Philadelphia.

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IDWeek 2014: Acute Retroviral Syndrome Linked to Higher HIV Levels in Blood, Gut and Brain

People with acute or very recent HIV infection who experience the flu-like symptoms of acute retroviral syndrome (ARS) have higher levels of HIV RNA and proviral DNA in their blood, colon, and brain tissue, indicating more active viral replication, as well as higher levels of certain inflammatory biomarkers researchers reported at IDWeek 2014 this month in Philadelphia.

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IDWeek 2014: Earlier Treatment, NNRTI Use Predict Slower HIV Rebound After Stopping ART

HIV viral load usually begins to rise again within 4 to 8 weeks after stopping antiretroviral therapy (ART), though starting treatment earlier in the course of infection and using a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) may delay viral rebound, according to study findings presented at IDWeek 2014 last week in Philadelphia.

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