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HIV/AIDS Epidemiology & Mortality

IAS 2015: Young Gay Men at Lower Risk for HIV than Previous Generations, but Racial Disparities Persist

An innovative analysis of HIV trends in the Seattle area has found that gay men who were born in the early 1960s had the highest lifetime risk of acquiring HIV, but that this risk has declined dramatically in subsequent generations. But while black gay men born in the 1970s and 1980s have a much lower risk of acquiring HIV than their forebears, racial disparities remain stark, according to a report at the 8thInternational AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention last month in Vancouver.

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Reaching UNAIDS HIV Treatment Targets Could Avert Millions of Deaths and New Infections

Achieving UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets for getting more people with HIV diagnosed and on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 2 of the hardest-hit countries -- Nigeria and South Africa -- could avert more than 3 million deaths, according to a study published in the July 6 edition of PLoS ONE. The new Fast-Track Cities Initiative aims to help make this goal a reality in the highest-burden cities.

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Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities May Drive HIV Infection among Young Gay and Bisexual Men

Young black or mixed-race men who have sex with men were more likely to be newly infected with HIV than gay and bisexual men of other racial/ethnic groups, according to a study from New York City described in the March 27 advance edition of Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. Living in an area with higher HIV prevalence, lower perceived socioeconomic status, and starting sex at a younger age were also associated with higher risk of infection.

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Goal of 15 Million People with HIV on Treatment Met Ahead of Schedule, says UNAIDS

The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of getting 15 million HIV-positive people worldwide onto antiretroviral therapy (ART) by 2015 -- a goal many once considered impossible -- has been reached 9 months sooner than projected, according to a new report from UNAIDS. Other MDG target have also been achieved or exceeded, as new HIV infections have decreased by 35% and AIDS-related deaths by 41%, and more than 80 countries have halted or reversed their epidemics.

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Southern States Have Higher HIV Diagnosis Rate and Lower HIV/AIDS Survival

A group of 9 states in the southern U.S. had a higher rate of HIV diagnosis compared to the country as a whole; had more women, African-Americans, and young people living with HIV; and had a higher death rate among people with HIV or AIDS, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Community Health. The researchers suggested that socioeconomic disadvantages, stigma, and discrimination contribute to these disparities.

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